By Guglielmo Cinque
One of many world's prime syntacticians provides facts for finding Adverb words within the specifiers of specified useful projections inside of a singular and good articulated thought of the clause. during this concept, either adverbs and heads, which encode the sensible notions of the clause, are ordered in a inflexible series. Cinques state-of-the-art notion means that the constitution of traditional language sentences is way richer than formerly assumed.
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Extra info for Adverbs and Functional Heads: A Cross-Linguistic Perspective (Oxford Studies in Comparative Syntax)
Perhaps Beni fortunately FUT Subj-cl make it even this time 'Perhaps B. ' speech-time adverb > ndoshta 'perhaps' (200) a. Tani ndoshta Beni ka ikur. b. Ndoshta tani Beni ka ikur. 'Now perhaps B. ' 'Perhaps now B. ' habitual adverb > negative adverb (201) a. Ne oren 2, Beni zakonisht as nuk ka ngre'ne' ende. at two, B. usually not not has eaten yet 'At two, B. ' b. *Ne oren 2, Beni as nuk ka ngre'ne zakonisht ende. 'At two, B. ' ende 'still' > gjithnje 'always' (202) a. Ai ende gjithnje ka fuqi.
B. c. d. He likes only himself. The success was only partial. He solved the problem only partially. He will have been beaten only by John. e. He will have been only beaten by John. ON THE RELATIVE ORDER OF ADVERB PHRASES f. g. h. i. 31 He will have only been beaten by John. He only will have been beaten by John, He said only that he doesn't like it. Just as with gia, we find that many more adverbs have such a use (hence certain unexpected orders). So, for example, there is evidence that most classes of "higher" AdvPs also have this use.
He is perhaps now at home. ON THE RELATIVE ORDER OF ADVERB PHRASES kanskje 'perhaps' > klokelig 'wisely' (148) a. Per ble kanskje klokelig allerede sent hjem klokken ti. 'P. ' b. *Per ble klokelig kanskje allerede sent hjem klokken ti. 'P. ' klokelig 'wisely' > vanligvis 'usually' (149) a. Klokken to har Per klokelig vanligvis allerede spist. 'At two o'clock has P. ' b. *Klokken to har Per vanligvis klokelig allerede spist. 'At two o'clock has P. ' vanligvis 'usually' > allerede 'already' (150) a.