Download A Peace to End All Peace: The Fall of the Ottoman Empire and by David Fromkin PDF

By David Fromkin

The severely acclaimed New York Times bestselling account of the way the trendy heart East got here into being after global warfare I, and why it's in upheaval today

In our time the center East has confirmed a battleground of rival religions, ideologies, nationalisms, and dynasties. All of those conflicts, together with the hostilities among Arabs and Israelis that experience flared all over again, come down, in a feeling, to the level to which the center East will proceed to dwell with its political inheritance: the preparations, unities, and divisions imposed upon the area by way of the Allies after the 1st global War.

In A Peace to finish All Peace, David Fromkin finds how and why the Allies got here to remake the geography and politics of the center East, drawing strains on an empty map that finally turned the recent nations of Iraq, Israel, Jordan, and Lebanon. targeting the youth of 1914 to 1922, whilst all-even an alliance among Arab nationalism and Zionism-seemed attainable he increases questions on what could have been performed another way, and solutions questions about why issues have been performed as they have been. the present conflict for a Palestinian place of birth has its roots in those occasions of eighty five years ago.

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Extra info for A Peace to End All Peace: The Fall of the Ottoman Empire and the Creation of the Modern Middle East

Sample text

I t d i s c r i m i n a t e d against J e w s , A r m e n i a n s , G r e e k s , A r a b s , a n d others. Its s t r e n g t h was that it was o p p o s e d to all foreign interests; its a n t i - E u r o p e a n bias attracted wide p o p u l a r support. T h e British government never learned that Lowther and FitzMaurice had s u p p l i e d it with a w a r p e d view of O t t o m a n politics. J o h n B u c h a n , who b e c a m e w a r t i m e D i r e c t o r of Information for the British g o v e r n m e n t , d e s c r i b e d the C .

He had thick black hair, heavy black eyebrows, a hawk-like nose, and what one of the few s y m p a t h e t i c British observers d e s c r i b e d as "a light in his eyes, rarely seen in m e n but s o m e t i m e s in a n i m a l s at d u s k . " 7 T a l a a t was the single m o s t i m p o r t a n t figure in T u r k i s h politics. He was very m u c h a self-made m a n . Little is known of his origins and b a c k g r o u n d except that they were h u m b l e . He b e g a n life as a minor e m p l o y e e of the Post a n d T e l e g r a p h Office a n d is believed to have been a Bektashi, that is, a m e m b e r of the largest of the T u r k i s h D e r v i s h o r d e r s .

D j e m a l P a s h a b e c a m e Military G o v e r n o r of C o n s t a n t i n o p l e , a n d 44 AT THE CROSSROADS OF HISTORY in that position consolidated the C . U . P . ' s hold on the seat of government. Halil Bey, President of the C h a m b e r of D e p u t i e s , also a s s u m e d an important role, as did M e h m e d D j a v i d , an economics teacher who was a p p o i n t e d Minister o f F i n a n c e . T a l a a t , the principal C . U . P . leader, b e c a m e Minister of the Interior and the real leader of the g o v e r n m e n t .

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