Download A Companion to Contemporary Political Philosophy: 2 Volume by Robert E. Goodin, Philip Pettit, Thomas W. Pogge PDF

By Robert E. Goodin, Philip Pettit, Thomas W. Pogge

It is a first-class, yet fallacious booklet. such a lot key issues in modern political philosophy are coated, albeit from a virtually utterly analytic viewpoint. despite the fact that, there are a few perplexing omissions. probably the most faults of the Goodin/ Pettit booklet is its robust secularist bias. Theism isn't really easily missed, it truly is denigrated, As Professor Elshtain mentioned in her evaluate, the authors look ignorant of the chronic significance of religion in political lifestyles and idea.

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I would now like to turn to more speculative and controversial matters. I want to offer a picture of the most important assumptions that analytical philosophy has bequeathed, for good or ill, to normative political thinking. Analytical Political Philosophy: the Legacy There are two distinct areas where normative questions arise, according to the lore of analytical philosophers: in the theory of the good, as it is called, and in the theory of the right. The theory of the good is the theory in which we are instructed on what properties, in particular what universal properties, make one state of the world better than another; we are instructed on what properties constitute values, specifically impersonal values that do not refer to any particular individuals or indeed any other particular entities.

It may well be resisted on environmental grounds but here the conflict is either of minor practical import or it can be accommodated by a slight shift of commitments. Many environmental measures that are likely to be prized independently of their impact on human beings – measures to do with preserving other species or preserving wildernesses – are arguably for the good of people, though perhaps only in the very long term. And if there are attractive measures for which this does not hold, then they can be accommodated by stretching personalism to encompass the good of the members of certain other species.

The idea of deserts has focused a further variety of opposition (Sadurski, 1985; Sher, 1987; Campbell; 1988). The idea of autonomy or self-determination, itself a theme in Rawls, has been widely explored, with different lessons derived from it (Lindley, 1986; Raz, 1986; Young, 1986; Dworkin, 1988) And the idea of needs has served as yet another focus of opposition (Braybrooke, 1987; Wiggins, 1987). Finally, and perhaps most importantly, the idea of equality has been reworked in different ways by a number of thinkers, all of whom distance themselves in some measure from the Rawlsian orthodoxy (Dworkin, 1978; Sen, 1986; Cohen, 1989; Kymlicka, 1990; Nagel, 1991).

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